Multifunctional bench


The benches in outdoor spaces such as parks and indoor spaces such as cultural centers are boring, repetitive and single usage objects. Even though the main concern of the modern era humans whilst resting, is not only sitting. He wants to use his laptop, interact with people and experience various positions such as sitting, leaning, lounging and stretching his legs. All these positions have been considered in designing this bench and in comparison with similar products, the users are in a greater interracial position.


The main inspiration of the Shouka bench has been the ancient Persian painted motives on potteries, specially the animal motif of Antelope. These patterns on ancient Persian terracotta’s are drawn with giant crescent shape horns. The fact that all these motives were drawn as four legged prototypes made them a perfect inspiration source for seat base designs.


The main material of this product is concrete; it is made by molding and the parts are connecting to each other with bolts and screws. In reality it is a single module with the ability to connect with similar modules in different positions. Two, Three, five or more part modules can be created by this function which would deliver various performances. The wooden pieces would fit in the concrete grooves by a hand push. However a single module is not functional by itself.


This product is made of a single module that is not functional on its own and at least two units need to be connected with screws and bolts, for it to be used. On the next level the wooden pieces are inserted in the concrete grooves. These modules can connect to each other endlessly and be used as a table too. The L shape of the units makes them easily storable with minimum space usage. These modules are equally functional in outdoor spaces such as parks as well as indoor spaces such as cultural or commercial centers.


The Antelope motif with the four legged figure has the perfect structure to be converted into a seat. I used Morphology to transform the Antelope motif into my design idea. Initially I changed its round form to an angular form which resulted in creation of the two L shape pieces that became the module of this bench. Next with the swirl motion and added modules, various functions and performances were defined for the product. Other studies have been made to find suitable connectors to convert one module to two modules in various directions. Alongside a research on user Ergonomic functions and social interactions took place and analyzed too.


The main challenge of this project was the creation of the single module. Producing of a single module with the ability to turn in various orientations with correct connections to other modules was not an easy task. I intended to use a simple connection to reduce the production cost and easy assembly. At the present the designed module and its connections are made in such a manner that there is no limitation in connecting the number of units need to be used and the product is endlessly expandable.